Bohai Economic Rim
The location of the Bo Hai.
The Bohai Economic Rim (BER) or Bohai Bay Economic Rimis the economic hinterland surrounding Beijing andTianjin. It also includes areas in Hebei, Liaoning and Shandong which surrounds the Bohai Sea. This region has gone through major changes in economic andinfrastructures. This emerging region is rising as a Northern economic power house and rivals the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east.
The Bohai Economic Rim has traditionally been involved inheavy industries and manufacturing. Tianjin’s strengths have always been in aviation, logistics and shipping. Beijing complements this with strong petrochemical, education and R&D industries. The area is becoming a s ignificant growth cluster for the automobile, electronics, petrochemical sectors, especially with Shenyang’s automotive industry, software and aircraft, Dalian attracting foreign investments in manufacturing and Qingdao for its health services.
The Chinese central government has made it a priority to integrate all the cities in the Bohai Bay rim and foster economic development. This includes building an advanced communications network, betterhighways, increased education and scientific resources as well as tapping natural resources off the Bohai rim.
In recent decades, petroleum and natural gasdeposits have been discovered in Bo Hai.
- Beijing Capital International Airport
- Tianjin Binhai International Airport
- Shenyang Taoxian International Airport
- Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport
- Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport
- Qingdao Liuting International Airport
- Beijing Nanyuan Airport
- Tangshan Sannühe Airport
- Handan Airport
- Qinhuangdao Shanhaiguan Airport
- Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Airport
- Zhangjiakou Ningyuan Airport
- Xingtai Dalian Airport
- Chengde Airport
- Weihai Airport
- Yantai Laishan International Airport
There are many major highways servicing the routes within the Bohai rim area. This includes the following expressways:
- Jingjintang Expressway, from Beijing, through Tianjin’s urban area, to Tanggu District/ TEDA
- Jinghu Expressway, from Jinjing Gonglu Bridge to Shanghai(together with Jingjintang Expressway, this is the expressway from Beijing to Shanghai)
- Jingshen Expressway, through Baodi Districton its way from Beijing to Shenyang
- Tangjin Expressway, from Tanggu District, Tianjin, to Tangshan, Hebei– known in Tianjin as the Jintang Expressway
- Baojin Expressway, from Beichen District, Tianjin, to Baoding, Hebei– known in Tianjin as the Jinbao Expressway
- Jinbin Expressway, from Zhangguizhuang Bridge to Hujiayuan Bridge, both within Tianjin
- Jinji Expressway, from central Tianjin to JixianCounty
The following six China National Highways pass through Tianjin:
- China National Highway 102, through Ji County, Tianjin on its way from Beijingto Harbin
- China National Highway 103, from Beijing, through Tianjin’s urban area, to Tanggu District
- China National Highway 104, from Beijing, through Tianjin Municipality, to Fuzhou
- China National Highway 105, from Beijing, through Tianjin Municipality, to Macau
- China National Highway 112, circular highway around Beijing, passes through Tianjin Municipality
- China National Highway 205, from Shanhaiguan, Hebei, through Tianjin Municipality, to Guangzhou
Since 2000, there have been rapid infrastructure developments within the Bohai Economic Rim. Rail projects of varied natures have been built, including high-speed inter-city rail, metros and suburban rail.
In August 2008, the Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway opened providing a direct route between Beijing and Tianjin. The initial trains run on average 300 km/h and have cut journey times between the two municipalities to half an hour. Also under construction is the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, which will connect the Bohai Economic Rim to the Yangtze River Delta.
- Tianjin Tram
- Dalian Tram
- Binhai Mass Transit
- Beijing Metro
- Shenyang Metro
- Tianjin Metro
- Dalian Metro
- Qingdao Metro(under construction)
- Beijing Suburban Railway
The gulf is formed by the Liaodong Peninsula to the northeast and the Shandong Peninsula to the south. Bo Hai consists of three bays: Laizhou Bay to the south, Liaodong Bay to the north, andBohai Wan to the west. The rivers Huang He, Liao He, Hai He and Luan River empty into Bo Hai.
The Bohai economic rim includes Beijing, Tianjin, part of Hebei province, part of Liaoningprovince, and part of Shandong province. List of major cities or ports in these municipalities and provinces are listed below:
- Municipalities: Beijing and Tianjin (Binhai)
- HebeiProvince: Tangshan, Qinhuangdao, Cangzhou, Langfang, Chengde and Zhangjiakou