Hong Kong (香港; “Fragrant Harbour”), officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is a city on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.Hong Kong is well known for its expansive skyline, deep natural harbourand extreme population density (some seven million inhabitants over a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) around the world. The current population of Hong Kong comprises 93.6% ethnic Chinese. A major part of Hong Kong’sCantonese-speaking majority originated from the neighbouring Canton province (now Guangdong), from where skilled labour fled their lives after the communist government took over China in 1949 and subsequently mass purged its population during the 1960s.